EMDEN

EMDEN, city in Germany. The first authentic reference to Jews in Emden dates from the first half of the 16th century. david gans mentions Jews of Emden in his Ẓemaḥ David. A Jewish cemetery is mentioned in 1586. In 1590 the citizens of Emden complained to the representative of the emperor that the Jews were permitted to follow their religious precepts openly and were exempted from wearing the jewish badge . Marranos from Portugal passed through Emden on their way to Amsterdam, and a few settled in Emden and returned to Judaism. Moses Uri ha-Levy (1594–1620), a former rabbi of Emden who settled in Amsterdam, officiated there as the first ḥakham of the Portuguese community. The city council of Emden discriminated between the local Jews and the Portuguese, encouraging the latter to settle in the city, while attempting to expel the former. Their attempts, however, were unsuccessful, since the duke intervened in their favor. The judicial rights of the Portuguese Jews were defined in a grant of privilege issued by the city council in 1649, and renewed in 1703. In 1744, when Emden was annexed to prussia , the Jews there came under Prussian law. In 1762 there was an outbreak of anti-Jewish riots in Emden. In 1808, during the rule of Louis Bonaparte, the Jews in Emden were granted equal civic rights. There were then 500 Jews living in Emden. The rights of the Emden Jews were abolished under Hanoverian rule in 1815, and they did not obtain emancipation until 1842. Noted rabbis of Emden were jacob emden (1728–33), and samson raphael hirsch (1841–47). The community numbered 900 in 1905, and 1,000 in 1930. Nearly half left with the advent of Nazi rule and another quarter through 1938. The synagogue was burned down on Kristallnacht and most of those remaining were later deported and perished, including at least 150 on October 23, 1941. Community life was not resumed after the Holocaust. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lewin, in: MGWJ, 2 (1890), 27–32; H. Kellenbenz, Sephardim an der unteren Elbe (1958), index; M. Markreich, in: Jahrbuch der juedischen Gemeinden Schleswig-Holsteins, 5 (1933/34), 24–36; PK Germanyah; Germ Jud, 2 (1968), 208–9; A. Cassuto, in: Juedische Familien-Forschung, 2 (1926), 289. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Lokers, Die Juden in Emden 15301906 (1990); M. Claudi, Die wir verloren haben. Lebensgeschichten Emder Juden (1991); M. Studemund-Halévy, in: Aschkenas, 7 (1997), 389–439. (Zvi Avneri)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Emden — Emden …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emden — Emden, Stadt (Stadtkreis) im preuß. Regbez. Aurich (Ostfriesland), liegt 3,8 km von der Ems, die in frühern Zeiten unmittelbar an den Stadtmauern vorüberfloß, jetzt aber durch einen Außenhafen (zugleich Freihafen) von 1400 m Länge, 120 m Breite… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Emden — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Emden Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • emden — ÉMDEN s.n. Rasă de gâşte de culoare albă, de 7 10 kg. – cuv. germ. Trimis de baron, 12.01.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  Émden s. pr. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  ÉMDEN s. n. rasă de gâşte cu culoare albă …   Dicționar Român

  • Emden — Emden, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 515 Housing Units (2000): 226 Land area (2000): 0.225988 sq. miles (0.585306 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.225988 sq. miles (0.585306 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Emden, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 515 Housing Units (2000): 226 Land area (2000): 0.225988 sq. miles (0.585306 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.225988 sq. miles (0.585306 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Emden — Emden, 1) Amt in der Landdrostei Aurich des Fürstenthums Ostfriesland (Hannover); 4 QM., 20,000 Ew.; 2) (früher Embden), Handelsstadt, größte Stadt Ostfrieslands mit 13,000 Ew., Ausgangspunkt der ostfriesischen Eisenbahn, lag früher an der Ems,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Emden — Emden, Stadtkreis im preuß. Reg. Bez. Aurich, 4 km von der Ems, am Ems Jade und Dortmund Ems Kanal, (1900) 16.453 E., Amtsgericht, See , Seemannsamt, Reichsbankstelle, Handelskammer, Gymnasium, Navigationsschule, Taubstummenanstalt, staatlicher… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Emden — Emden, Embden, hannovr. Stadt an der Mündung der Ems in den Dollart, besteht aus der Altstadt, Faldern, Boltenhors u. Neuenthorsvorstadt, ist von Kanälen durchschnitten, über welche 30 Brücken führen, hat 13000 E., Navigationsschule, Börse,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Emden — Infobox German Location Art = Stadt Wappen = Emden stadtwappen.jpg lat deg = 53 |lat min = 22 |lat sec = 20 lon deg = 07 |lon min = 12 |lon sec = 24 Lageplan = Bundesland = Niedersachsen Landkreis = Kreisfreie Stadt Höhe = 1 Fläche = 112.33… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.